Different types of files
Jpeg is the one everyone knows about, it’s the most basic one.
TIFF is the most commonly used industry- standard file format.
RAW is the one mostly for compact cameras and DSLRs.
DNG (digital negative) is one that the camera these days use and it changes it to capture raw files.
PNG is one that was designed in the 90s as an improvement for GIF file format.
GIF is like PNGs, but GIF is mostly used for the internet.
BMP is another one that is invented by Microsoft, it was used on the windows platform.
PSD is from adobe photoshop to save data.